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AWM Relayer

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Reference relayer implementation for cross-chain Avalanche Warp Message delivery.

AWM Relayer listens for Warp message events on a set of source blockchains, and constructs transactions to relay the Warp message to the intended destination blockchain. The relayer does so by querying the source blockchain validator nodes for their BLS signatures on the Warp message, combining the individual BLS signatures into a single aggregate BLS signature, and packaging the aggregate BLS signature into a transaction according to the destination blockchain VM Warp message verification rules.

Installation​

Dev Container & Codespace​

To get started easily, we provide a Dev Container specification, that can be used using GitHub Codespace or locally using Docker and VS Code. Dev Containers are a concept that utilizes containerization to create consistent and isolated development environment. You can run them directly on Github by clicking Code, switching to the Codespaces tab and clicking Create codespace on main. Alternatively, you can run them locally with the extensions for VS Code or other code editors.

Download Prebuilt Binaries​

Prebuilt binaries are available for download from the releases page.

The following commands demonstrate how to download and install the v0.2.13 release of the relayer on MacOS. The exact commands will vary by platform.

# Download the release tarball and checksums
curl -w '%{http_code}' -sL -o ~/Downloads/awm-relayer_0.2.13_darwin_arm64.tar.gz https://github.com/ava-labs/awm-relayer/releases/download/v0.2.13/awm-relayer_0.2.13_darwin_arm64.tar.gz
curl -w '%{http_code}' -sL -o ~/Downloads/awm-relayer_0.2.13_checksums.txt https://github.com/ava-labs/awm-relayer/releases/download/v0.2.13/awm-relayer_0.2.13_checksums.txt

# (Optional) Verify the checksums
cd ~/Downloads
# Confirm that the following two commands output the same checksum
grep "awm-relayer_0.2.13_darwin_arm64.tar.gz" "awm-relayer_0.2.13_checksums.txt" 2>/dev/null
shasum -a 256 "awm-relayer_0.2.13_darwin_arm64.tar.gz" 2>/dev/null

# Extract the tarball and install the relayer binary
tar -xzf awm-relayer_0.2.13_darwin_arm64.tar.gz
sudo install awm-relayer /usr/local/bin

Note: If downloading the binaries through a browser on MacOS, the browser may mark the binary as quarantined since it has not been verified through the App Store. To remove the quarantine, run the following command:

xattr -d com.apple.quarantine /usr/local/bin/awm-relayer

Download Docker Image​

The published Docker image can be pulled from avaplatform/awm-relayer:latest on dockerhub.

Build from Source​

See the Building section for instructions on how to build the relayer from source.

Requirements​

System Requirements​

  • Ubuntu 22.04 or later
    • Tested on x86_64/amd64 architecture.
  • MacOS 14.3 or later
    • Tested on arm64 architecture (Apple silicon).

API Requirements​

  • AWM Relayer requires access to Avalanche API nodes for the P-Chain as well as any connected Subnets. The API nodes must have the following methods enabled:
    • Each Subnet API node must have enabled:
      • eth API (RPC and WS)
    • The P-Chain API node must have enabled:
      • platform.getHeight
      • platform.validatedBy
      • platform.getValidatorsAt OR platform.getCurrentValidators
    • The Info API node must have enabled:
      • info.peers
      • info.getNetworkID
    • If the Info API node is also a Subnet validator, it must have enabled:
      • info.getNodeID
      • info.getNodeIP

The Fuji and Mainnet public API nodes provided by Avalanche have these methods enabled, and are suitable for use with the relayer.

Peer-to-Peer Connections​

  • The AWM relayer implementation gathers BLS signatures from the validators of the source Subnet via peer-to-peer AppRequest messages. Validator nodes need to be configured to accept incoming peer connections. Otherwise, the relayer will fail to gather Warp message signatures. For example, networking rules may need to be adjusted to allow traffic on the default AvalancheGo P2P port (9651), or the public IP may need to be manually set in the node configuration.

Usage​

Building​

Before building, be sure to install Go, which is required even if you're just building the Docker image.

Build the relayer by running the script:

./scripts/build.sh

Build a Docker image by running the script:

./scripts/build_local_image.sh

Running​

The relayer binary accepts a path to a JSON configuration file as the sole argument. Command line configuration arguments are not currently supported.

./build/awm-relayer --config-file path-to-config

Configuration​

The relayer is configured via a JSON file, the path to which is passed in via the --config-file command line argument. Top level configuration options are also able to be set via environment variable. To get the environment variable corresponding to a key, upper case the key and change the delimiter from "-" to "_". For example, LOG_LEVEL sets the "log-level" JSON key. The following configuration options are available:

"log-level": "verbo" | "debug" | "info" | "warn" | "error" | "fatal" | "panic"

  • The log level for the relayer. Defaults to info.

"p-chain-api-url": string

  • The URL of the Avalanche P-Chain API node to which the relayer will connect. This API node needs to have the following methods enabled:
    • platform.getHeight
    • platform.validatedBy
    • platform.getValidatorsAt OR platform.getCurrentValidators

"info-api-url": string

  • The URL of the Avalanche Info API node to which the relayer will connect. This API node needs to have the following methods enabled:

    • info.peers
    • info.getNetworkID
  • Additionally, if the Info API node is also a validator, it must have enabled:

    • info.getNodeID
    • info.getNodeIP

"storage-location": string

  • The path to the directory in which the relayer will store its state. Defaults to ./awm-relayer-storage.

"redis-url": string

  • The URL of the Redis server to use to manage state. This URL should specify the user, password, host, port, DB index, and protocol version. For example, "redis://user:password@localhost:6379/0?protocol=3". Overrides storage-location if provided.

"process-missed-blocks": boolean

  • Whether or not to process missed blocks after restarting. Defaults to true. If set to false, the relayer will start processing blocks from the chain head.

"manual-warp-messages": []ManualWarpMessage

  • The list of Warp messages to relay on startup, independent of the catch-up mechanism or normal operation. Each ManualWarpMessage has the following configuration:

    "unsigned-message-bytes": string

    • The hex-encoded bytes of the unsigned Warp message to relay.

    "source-blockchain-id": string

    • cb58-encoded blockchain ID of the source blockchain.

    "destination-blockchain-id": string

    • cb58-encoded blockchain ID of the destination blockchain.

    "source-address": string

    • The address of the source account that sent the Warp message.

    "destination-address": string

    • The address of the destination account that will receive the Warp message.

"source-blockchains": []SourceBlockchains

  • The list of source blockchains to support. Each SourceBlockchain has the following configuration:

    "subnet-id": string

    • cb58-encoded Subnet ID.

    "blockchain-id": string

    • cb58-encoded blockchain ID.

    "vm": string

    • The VM type of the source blockchain.

    "rpc-endpoint": string

    • The RPC endpoint of the source blockchain's API node.

    "ws-endpoint": string

    • The WebSocket endpoint of the source blockchain's API node.

    "message-contracts": map[string]MessageProtocolConfig

    • Map of contract addresses to the config options of the protocol at that address. Each MessageProtocolConfig consists of a unique message-format name, and the raw JSON settings.

    "supported-destinations": []SupportedDestination

    • List of destinations that the source blockchain supports. Each SupportedDestination consists of a destination blockchain ID, and a list of addresses on that destination blockchain that the relayer supports delivering Warp messages to. The destination address is defined by the message protocol. For example, it could be the address called from the message protocol contract. If no supported addresses are provided, all addresses are allowed on that blockchain. If supported-destinations is empty, then all destination blockchains (and therefore all addresses on those destination blockchains) are supported.

    "process-historical-blocks-from-height": unsigned integer

    • The block height at which to back-process transactions from the source blockchain. If the database already contains a later block height for the source blockchain, then that will be used instead. Must be non-zero. Will only be used if process-missed-blocks is set to true.

    "allowed-origin-sender-addresses": []string

    • List of addresses on this source blockchain to relay Warp messages from. The sending address is defined by the message protocol. For example, it could be defined as the EOA that initiates the transaction, or the address that calls the message protocol contract. If empty, then all addresses are allowed.

"destination-blockchains": []DestinationBlockchains

  • The list of destination blockchains to support. Each DestinationBlockchain has the following configuration:

    "subnet-id": string

    • cb58-encoded Subnet ID.

    "blockchain-id": string

    • cb58-encoded blockchain ID.

    "vm": string

    • The VM type of the source blockchain.

    "rpc-endpoint": string

    • The RPC endpoint of the destination blockchains's API node.

    "account-private-key": string

    • The hex-encoded private key to use for signing transactions on the destination blockchain. May be provided by the environment variable ACCOUNT_PRIVATE_KEY. Each destination-subnet may use a separate private key by appending the cb58 encoded blockchain ID to the private key environment variable name, for example ACCOUNT_PRIVATE_KEY_11111111111111111111111111111111LpoYY

    "kms-key-id": string

    • The ID of the KMS key to use for signing transactions on the destination blockchain. Only one of account-private-key or kms-key-id should be provided. If kms-key-id is provided, then kms-aws-region is required.

    "kms-aws-region": string

    • The AWS region in which the KMS key is located. Required if kms-key-id is provided.

Architecture​

Components​

The relayer consists of the following components:

  • At the global level:
    • P2P app network: issues signature AppRequests
    • P-Chain client: gets the validators for a Subnet
    • JSON database: stores latest processed block for each Application Relayer
  • Per Source Blockchain
    • Subscriber: listens for logs pertaining to cross-chain message transactions
    • Source RPC client: queries for missed blocks on startup
  • Per Destination Blockchain
    • Destination RPC client: broadcasts transactions to the destination
  • Application Relayers
    • Relay messages from a specific source blockchain and source address to a specific destination blockchain and destination address

Data Flow​

Testing​

Unit Tests​

Unit tests can be ran locally by running the command in the root of the project:

./scripts/test.sh

If your temporary directory is not writable, the unit tests may fail with messages like fork/exec /tmp/go-build2296620589/b247/config.test: permission denied. To fix this, set the TMPDIR environment variable to something writable, for example export TMPDIR=~/tmp.

E2E Tests​

E2E tests are ran as part of CI, but can also be ran locally with the --local flag. To run the E2E tests locally, you'll need to install Gingko following the instructions here

Next, provide the path to the subnet-evm repository and the path to a writeable data directory (this example uses ~/subnet-evm and ~/tmp/e2e-test) to use for the tests:

./scripts/e2e_test.sh --local --subnet-evm ~/subnet-evm --data-dir ~/tmp/e2e-test

To run a specific E2E test, specify the environment variable GINKGO_FOCUS, which will then look for test descriptions that match the provided input. For example, to run the Basic Relay test:

GINKGO_FOCUS="Basic" ./scripts/e2e_test.sh --local --subnet-evm ~/subnet-evm --data-dir ~/tmp/e2e-test

The E2E tests use the TeleporterMessenger contract deployment transaction specified in the following files:

  • tests/utils/UniversalTeleporterDeployerAddress.txt
  • tests/utils/UniversalTeleporterDeployerTransaction.txt
  • tests/utils/UniversalTeleporterMessagerContractAddress.txt To update the version of Teleporter used by the E2E tests, update these values with the latest contract deployment information. For more information on how to deploy the Teleporter contract, see the Teleporter documentation.

Generate Mocks​

Gomock is used to generate mocks for testing. To generate mocks, run the following command at the root of the project:

go generate ./...

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